Zoltan Kodaly (1882 – 1967) was a Hungarian composer, ethnomusicologist, teacher, linguist, and philosopher. He is best known internationally as the creator of the Kodály Method. Kodály learned to play the violin as a child.
In 1905 he visited remote villages to collect songs, recording them on phonograph cylinders. Throughout his adult life, Kodály was very interested in the problems of music education, and he wrote a large amount of material on teaching methods as well as composing plenty of music intended for children’s use. He said: “The characteristics of a good musician can be summarized as follows:
1. A well-trained ear.
2. A well-trained intelligence.
3. A well-trained heart.
4. A well-trained hand”
He composed operas, orchestras, dances, chambers, chorals, and collected lots of folk songs.